|SC||Variations of sex characteristics|
|GR1||Legal gender recognition without self-determination|
|GR2||Legal gender recognition with self-determination (over 16)|
|GR3||Legal gender recognition with self-determination (under 16)|
|FPN||LGBTI focal points network|
|CA||Ministerial call to action|
The Law on Ensuring Equality (121/2012) is a general anti-discrimination law aimed to prevent and tackle discrimination and ensure equality in various areas of life. It prohibits discrimination on the ground of sexual orientation only in employment. In February 2016, consultants to the Council of Europe recommended that the law be amended such that sexual orientation is explicitly included in the list of protected grounds which appear in Article 1. The Education Law of Moldova (547/1995, amended 2014) is a specific education law that outlines principles of the education system in Moldova. It mentions diversity in the context of education policy and gender equality as an objective of education, but it does not mention sexual orientation, gender identity and expression or variations in sex characteristics as protected grounds.
The Education Code of Moldova (224/2014) is a general legal framework that outlines principles of the education system and sets minimum standards in Moldova. It mentions diversity in the context of inclusive education and cultural diversity, but there is no mention of sexual orientation, gender identity and expression, or variations in sex characteristics. There is no other national or regional bullying strategy or action plan, and no programmes in place for school bullying. Civil society organisations report that bullying in schools is not recognised as a real problem by the local authorities.
There is no available data on whether it is compulsory for education curricula to include content on sexual orientation, gender identity and expression or variations in sex characteristics, but the lack of laws, policies and action plans would suggest that this is not the case.
There is no mandatory teacher training on LGBTQI awareness in Moldova. GENDERDOC-M, an LGBTQI civil society organisation, however, carries out occasional trainings on SOGIE for school and university teachers and occasional trainings for school students on homophobic and transphobic bullying. This work is not publicly funded.
There are no clear legal or administrative proceedings to change name or gender marker. The Law on Civil Status Documents (100/2001) makes implicit reference to the right of individuals to have their gender recognised on a civil status document where they submit an official document confirming their change of sex. Any disputes regarding the application will be resolved by the court. Despite this provision, transgender people continue to encounter difficulties securing recognition of their gender as a transparent and accessible mechanism for applying for the change has not been put in place.
The government does not provide data on homophobic, biphobic, transphobic and interphobic bullying. The NGO GENDERDOC-M, however, publishes an annual discrimination monitoring report in relation to the areas of employment, housing, education, and access to goods and services.
The government provides no specific support systems for LGBTQI learners or their families. The only support system for the victims of homophobic, biphobic, transphobic or interphobic violence is provided by GENDERDOC-M Information Centre. It includes free psycho-emotional and legal services.
There is no specific information for LGBTQI learners or guidance for the education sector on how to address bullying and harassment against LGBTQI students. GENDERDOC-M offers information despite receiving no support from the government.
The government provides no support to LGBTQI civil society organisations working in the area of education.
– Moldova has signed the Call for Action by Ministers – Inclusive and equitable education for all learners in an environment free from discrimination and violence.
– Moldova is member of the European Governmental LGBTI Focal Points Network.