|Variations of sex characteristics
|Legal gender recognition without self-determination
|Legal gender recognition with self-determination (over 16)
|Legal gender recognition with self-determination (under 16)
|LGBTI focal points network
|Ministerial call to action
The Constitution of Liechtenstein (especially Article 27bis paragraph 1, Article 31 paragraph 1) provides for a wide range of fundamental rights including the respect for and the protection of human dignity, as well as the equality of all people before the law.
Since 1 April 2016, discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation has been banned in Liechtenstein, punishable by two years of imprisonment (Section 283 paragraph 1 Penal Code). International reports and available data do not provide evidence of any anti-discrimination law that specifies sexual orientation, gender identity and expression, or variations in sex characteristics as protected grounds with regard to education.
Nevertheless, the school curriculum includes lessons on sexual education. The extent of such education is up to the respective teacher. Furthermore, there is the Institute for Sexual Questions and HIV Prevention, which is a special government service. It offers workshops, courses and personal advice to learners as well as information and advice to their parents, especially in connection with questions or matters regarding sexual orientation.
There are no national policies or action plans to tackle homophobic, biphobic, transphobic or interphobic bullying or promote LGBTQI inclusion.
It is not compulsory for education curricula to include content on sexual orientation, gender identity and expression or variations in sex characteristics.
There is currently no mandatory teacher training on LGBTQI awareness.
Article 46 of the Law on Persons and Companies provides for a change of the name if there are important personal or other grounds for such a change. However, the change of name does not change the position of the person in the personal status law (Article 47 paragraph 3 Law on Persons and Companies).
The General Requirements on Medical Procedures for the Change of Gender Act (1999) stipulates that to change one’s gender a person must make a statement to the Ministry of Social Affairs and a medical expert committee of the Ministry must rule a decision. According to this document, the decision of the committee requires (a) “the existence of a transsexual identity of at least two years”, (b) “the decision of a psychiatrist to exclude the possibility of changing desire”, and (c) genetic and chromosomal studies. Medical treatment can begin once the committee has made its recommendation. There is no age restriction to enter this procedure.
There is no available data on the national monitoring of homophobic, biphobic, transphobic and interphobic bullying.
There is no available data on specific support systems for LGBTQI learners or their families.
There is no specific information for LGBTQI learners or guidance for the education sector on how to address bullying and harassment against LGBTQI students.
The government provides no support to LGBTQI civil society organisations working in the area of education.
– Liechtenstein has not signed the Call for Action by Ministers – Inclusive and equitable education for all learners in an environment free from discrimination and violence.
– Liechtenstein is not a member of the European Governmental LGBTI Focal Points Network.