|Variations of sex characteristics
|Legal gender recognition without self-determination
|Legal gender recognition with self-determination (over 16)
|Legal gender recognition with self-determination (under 16)
|LGBTI focal points network
|Ministerial call to action
The Law of Georgia on the elimination of all forms of discrimination (2014) is intended to eliminate every form of discrimination and to ensure equal rights of every natural and legal persons under the legislation of Georgia, irrespective of sexual orientation, gender identity and expression, or other characteristics. In order to eliminate discrimination, educational institutions are obliged to respond promptly and efficiently to any alleged act of discriminationand impose liability on offenders under its control according to both the legislation of Georgia and such institutions internal regulations. It is enforced by the “Public Defender of Georgia”. The Women’s Initiatives Supporting Group, however, report that that due to significant gaps in the 2014 Law, the application of the law “considerably curbs the rights and freedoms of LGBT persons”. This is due to the fact that the Public Defender lacks the powers and resources to properly enforce the 2014 Law – it cannot fine or compel individuals to act.
There are no national policies or action plans to tackle homophobic, biphobic, transphobic or interphobic bullying or promote LGBTQI inclusion.
Civil society organisations report that LGBTQI topics are not included in the national curriculum.
There is no mandatory teacher training on LGBTQI awareness.
Legal recognition of gender is regulated by Article 78 of the Law of Georgia on Civil Acts. However, there is no clear process regarding legal gender recognition. In 2014 the Georgian State Services Development Agency and the Ministry of Labour, Health and Social Welfare of Georgia made it clear that any person wishing to change their gender would need to undergo irreversible sterilisation and treatment in order to receive official documentation. Gender marker change is not possible for persons under the age of 18.
The 2014 Law is undermined by the fact that same-sex marriage is not recognised under Georgian law.
According to the Law of Georgia on the elimination of all forms of discrimination (2014), the Public Defender of Georgia shall monitor issues regarding the elimination of discrimination and ensuring equality. This body shall also prepare and publish once a year a special report on combating and preventing discrimination, as well as on equality situation in the country. Nevertheless, there is currently no available information on the extent to which LGBTQI young people are experiencing bullying or harassment at school.
There is a centre for psychological assistance of students. According to civil society organisations, this service is not sufficient in cases of homophobic, biphobic, transphobic or interphobic bullying because learners need the consent of their parents or teachers to access it, which would involve coming out to them. In addition, there is no available information about the knowledge and sensitivity of the psychologists working there in regard to LGBTQI issues.
There is no specific information for LGBTQI learners or guidance for the education sector on how to address bullying and harassment against LGBTQI students.
The government provides no support to civil society organisations working in the area of education.
– Georgia has not signed the Call for Action by Ministers – Inclusive and equitable education for all learners in an environment free from discrimination and violence.
– Georgia is member of the European Governmental LGBTI Focal Points Network.
Several years ago, there was an initiative which aimed at introducing sexual education in schools, but the Georgian Orthodox Church protested and the project was never implemented (even though the manual was ready). In 2016, Georgian Orthodox Church started protesting against a new subject in schools, aimed at civil education of children, called “Me and Society”. This new class was supposed to cover human rights and identity. This group, together with some political figures from outside of the Parliament, intervened and managed to remove words like “liberalism” and “identity” from the textbooks.